organizations and funds to donate to and follow
VOCAL-NY (organizers of Occupy City Hall)
Black Hills Bail and Legal Defense Fund (Mt. Rushmore protests)
Indigenous Kinship Collective

Color of Change Education Fund

Advancement Project

Moms Demand Action; donations will be matched dollar for dollar by

Everytown, Moms Demand Action’s parent organization

Faith in Texas

Take Action Chapel Hill; Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Austin Justice Coalition; Austin, Texas

Dallas Alliance Against Racial and Political Repression; Dallas, Texas

Pull Up or Shut Up


American Civil Liberties Union

Grandmothers Against Removals - Australia

Reclaim The Block *no longer needing funds*

Black Visions Collective: Minnesota *no longer needing funds*

memorial funds
Elijah McLain Memorial Fund
Justice for Breonna Taylor
I Run With Maud
James Scurlock Memorial Fund
Tony McDade Memorial Fund
David McAtee Memorial Fund
Gianna Floyd Fund
George Floyd Memorial Fund
bail funds


Bail Funds / Legal Help by City

The Bail Project
National Bail Out

National Bail Fund Network COVID-19


Emergency Response Fund

Atlanta Solidarity Fund

Louisville Community Bail Fund

Chicago Community Bond Fund

Philadelphia Bail Fund *no longer needing funds*

Nashville Community Bail Fund

Dallas Bail Fund for Protesters

People’s Program Bail Out Fund - Oakland, California

Columbus Freedom Fund -  Columbus, Ohio

Sisters Inside Bail Fund - Western Australia

frontline funds

Mitch Gayns’s community supplies fund; donations go to Gayns, the host of Those People podcast and a Boston-based protester who is using the funds for supplies — such as snacks, Band-Aids, and flashlights — for protesters, and providing receipts for purchases on his Twitter feed.

Isak Douah Minneapolis Gas Mask Fund; donations go to Douah, who is using the money to buy gas masks for black youth activists on the front lines to protect them against tear gas used by the police.

Black Earth Farms Food Delivery Fund; donations go to Oakland, California–based Black Earth Farms, which is cooking and delivering food to black protesters who have been arrested, bailed, or injured.

community restoration organizations/funds

Equality for Flatbush; Brooklyn, New York

Mutual Aid

Minnesota Rapid Response Coalition; Twin Cities, Minnesota

The Lake Street Council; Minneapolis, Minnesota

Pimento Relief Fund; Minneapolis, Minnesota

West Broadway Business & Area Coalition; Minneapolis, Minnesota

Rebuilding Oakland Black Businesses Fund; Oakland, California

My Block My Hood My City; Chicago, Illinois

Pay The Rent - Australia

community enrichment organizations

Black and Brown Founders

Black Table Arts

Embrace Race

Helping Educate to Advance the Rights of Deaf Communities 

Assata’s Daughters; Chicago, Illinois

Centro de Trabajadores Unidos en la Lucha; Twin Cities, Minnesota

Twin Cities Recovery Project; Twin Cities, Minnesota

Black Feminist Project; New York City

youth-oriented community organizations

Integrate NYC


Black Girls Code

Colin Kaepernick Know Your Rights Camp

The Conscious Kid

Pretty Brown Girl

Gyrl Wonder

political organizations

Fair Fight; National, but mainly Georgia

Black Voters Matter Fund

Woke Vote

Higher Heights

The Collective Political Action Committee

organizations fighting policing and incarceration 

The National Police Accountability Project

Campaign Zero

Communities United Against Police Brutality

Release Aging People in Prison

No New Jails NYC

Equal Justice Initiative

Prison Book Program

Dream Defenders

legal defense funds/organizations

NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund

Legal Rights Center

Amistad Law Project

Transgender Law Center Black LGBTQIA+ Migrant Project

Moral Governance; San Diego, California

Restoring Justice; Texas

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services - Australia

Djirra - Victoria, Australia

black LGBTQ funds

The Nina Pop and Tony McDade Mental Health Recovery Fund

Homeless Black Trans Women Fund; Atlanta, Georgia

Black Trans Travel Fund; New York City

Emergency Release Fund; New York City

F2L Relief Fund; New York State

Black Trans Advocacy Coalition COVID-19 Community Response Grant

For The Gworls Party; donations are collected through Venmo, PayPal, and Cash App

black LGBTQIA+ organizations

House of GG; Arkansas

Trans Justice Funding Project

Youth Breakout; New Orleans, Louisiana

Solutions Not Punishment; Atlanta, Georgia

Black AIDS Institute

Trans Cultural District; San Francisco, California

The Audre Lorde Project; New York City

The Marsha P. Johnson Institute

Vocal New York; New York State

Gays and Lesbians Living In a Transgender Society

Princess Janae Place; New York City

The Okra Project

Black Rainbow Australia

media organizations

The Marshall Project

Unicorn Riot

Ida B. Wells Society for Investigative Reporting


IndigenousX - Australia

mental health organizations

The Loveland Foundation

Black Girl in Om

Sista Afya

Black Emotional and Mental Health Collective

You Good Sis Yoga Collective

National Queer and Trans Therapists of Color Network

Peoples Oakland; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

health care funds / organizations

National Black Disability Coalition

BET and United Way COVID-19 Relief Fund

Mobile Outreach and Outdoor Drop-In

Sister Song

COVID-19 Bail Out NYC; New York City

EMW Women’s Surgical Center

MEETING 2: THURSDAY AUGUST 27th, 2020 7:30pm EST

Subject: Whiteness as Property continued

Meeting Advisor: Darla Migan

Zoom join link:


Assigned text and video:

VIDEO: Professor Harris' Keynote Speech at Whiteness as Property: A Twenty Year Appraisal

Brown’s a Color, Black is Not by Darla Migan

-SAY IT LOUD (I’m Black and I’m Proud) - online exhibition at Christie's Auction House

(and if you haven't read it yet)

Whiteness As Property by Dr. Cheryl I. Harris

Additional Reading

Reflections on Whiteness as Property by Dr. Cheryl I. Harris

The New Exclusionism by Lowery Sims

Speculation on Black Artists Has Gotten So Intense That for Christie’s Latest Sale, Its Curator Is Asking Buyers to Sign a Special Contract by Eileen Kinsella






Whiteness As Property by Dr. Cheryl I. Harris

Meeting Advisor: Darla Migan

Meeting Date: Wed. June 24th, 2020 7:30pm

Session 1 - Cheryl Harris, “Whiteness as Property” (1993)


Assigned Selections from Whiteness as Property w/Page Numbers (but reading the full text is recommended)


I. Introduction (p.1709-1715)

II. The Construction of Race and the Emergence of Whiteness as Property 

    A. Forms of Racialized Property: Relationships Between Slavery, Race, and Property

        1. The Convergence of Racial and Legal Status (p.1715-1718)

    C. Critical Characteristics of Property and Whiteness

        4. The Property Functions of Whiteness

            (b) Right to Use and Enjoyment (p.1734)

            (c) Reputation and Status Property (p.1734-1736)

            (d) The Absolute Right to Exclude (p.1736-1737)

    D. White Legal Identity: The Law’s Acceptance and Legitimation of Whiteness as Property 

        1. Whiteness as Racialized Privilege (p.1741- 1743)

        2. Whiteness, Rights, and National Identity (p.1745)

IV. The Persistence of Whiteness as Property

    A. The Persistence of Whiteness as a Valued Social Identity (p.1758-1761)

Summary of Selections from Text


    Whiteness, perhaps, is better understood as describing relations of power with a variety of both stable and newly appearing characteristics and goods attached to it. Whiteness may, perhaps, be most recognizable through a vast set of activities including but not limited to the activities of domination, subordination, and exclusion. In Cheryl Harris’s article “Whiteness as Property,” she argues that the idea of Whiteness has been developed through the activities of conquest and ongoing genocide of indigenous peoples that worked to bring about the anti-Black racist nation-state. On Harris’s reading: the state, regardless of the political party in power, protects its materially-mediated understanding of itself as functioning in the service of Whiteness and does so at all costs through the deployment of the paradigm of property. As Harris notes in her 2014 reflections on the original publication: The power relations of Whiteness, though at times slippery, such as in its post-racial ideological forms, are supported through legal codes and by extra-judicial means as well as through neoliberal economic arrangements that protect, fortify, and enhance the status of Whiteness. The concept of property is an example of the deployment of these relations of power.

Meeting 1 Discussion Questions: 

From the text: “The origins of whiteness as property lie in the parallel systems of domination of Black and Native American peoples out of which were created racially contingent forms of property and property rights[.]” … How did “whiteness emerge from color to race to status to property as a progression historically rooted in white supremacy and economic hegemony over Black and Native American people [?]” (p.1714)

How were race and economic domination fused through the entrenchment of plantation slavery? What is an example of a ‘slave code’ and how have the ‘slave codes’ starting from the 1660s been maintained up through today? (p.1718) What are 1-2 examples of how slave codes have created conditions relevant to the functions of the art industry?

What does it mean to refer to whiteness as a form of status property? Has the artworld/art institutions/art industry relinquished this interest in whiteness as a form of status property with diversity initiatives? If so, what’s working? If not, why not? What is happening here and why?

How does a property interest in whiteness work in the artworld (openings, exhibitions, arts press, collectors, etc.) the art industry (administrative/support staff, labor, shipping, etc.)? Compare and contrast. There seem to be significant differences that matter for how to strategize for anti-racist transformation.


How and why did you become involved in the art industry? 


Please come prepared with a one sentence answer.

Darla Migan is an emerging art critic living in upstate New York. She is a graduate of the Masters in Philosophy and the Arts at SUNY Stony Brook where she wrote her Master’s thesis on Foucauldian ‘counter-conducts’ and St. Augustine’s Confessions. Recently she completed her Ph.D in Philosophy at Vanderbilt University with a dissertation on orienting authentic judgment and Adrian Piper’s contributions to Black aesthetics.